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Home > Proteins
Home > Proteins

Proteins are formed by amino acids which are connected by a link type known as peptide bonds molecules. The order of amino acids depend on the genetic code of each person. All proteins are composed of oxygen and nitrogen, carbon, hydrogen, and most contain also sulfur and phosphorus.

In addition account for approximately half the weight of body tissues and are present in all cells of the body, involved in virtually all biological processes performed.

Protein is an organic molecule that helps in part the mass of all forms of life and absolutely necessary in the diet of all animals. Are composed of 20 or more amino acids joined in a linear sequence
Proteins are the building blocks of all muscle tissue formation and muscle strains it consists of amino acids. Amino acids are the building blocks of life as we know it.

Trying to live without protein for a week and see how it feels. Well, studies show that our bodies absorb more quickly and efficiently amino acids through protein sources. Now, 1000mg amino acid makes up 1 gram of protein. Therefore, if taken in 25 grams of protein, which is basically taking 25,000 mg of amino acids.

Anyway proteins normally consumed by athletes, the whey is the most rich in cysteine, a precursor of glutathione (the most potent antioxidant of our body). This cysteine ​​content explains why whey has antioxidant capabilities.

They play a key role in the human body. They are crucial to the growth, due to its high nitrogen content, which is not present in other molecules such as carbohydrates and fats. In addition they are for the synthesis and maintenance of various tissues, such as gastric juices ,, vitamins, hormones, hemoglobin and enzymes (latter part as biological catalysts making improve the rate at which chemical reactions are generated metabolism). Also, certain gases help transport through the blood, such as oxygen and function as a damper to maintain the acid-base balance and plasma oncotic pressure.

They must be stable in the environment in which they are stored or in carrying out their function, so that its half-life is as long as possible and not create setbacks in the body.
The proteins also have some other secondary properties which depend on the chemical features they have. It is the case of the specificity (its structure makes each protein performs a specific function and concrete different from the rest and the role they may have other molecules), the buffer pH (can behave as acids or as basic.

Proteins are essential in the diet. Amino acids that form them can be essential or nonessential. In the case of the former, can not produce the body itself, so they have to be acquired through food. They are especially needed in people who are in growing age as children and adolescents and pregnant women, as they make possible the production of new cells.

They are found primarily in animal foods such as meat, fish, eggs and milk. But they are also in plant foods such as soy, legumes and cereals, although to a lesser extent. Intake provides the body with 4 kilocalories per gram of protein.

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